Short Biography of Samuel Adams
Known as a staunch supporter of the independence of the United States from Britain, Samuel Adams found his place in American politics and helped a nation free itself from imperialism. Through his often-shrewd newspaper essays and articles, he grabbed America’s attention to make them aware of Britain’s attempt to control America more than ever before. He caused great resistance and greatly angered the British Crown with his antics.
Young Sam Adams was raised in an upper-middle class home to a brewer and a stalwart mother who held strong to her religious faith. He graduated from Harvard College some years later and wasn’t exactly sure which route his life would take. In order to avoid becoming a brewer like his father, he decided to study law. When he practiced, he actually lost the firm and his family money, and was forced to return to the brewery where he took over his father’s business to regain his finances.
After his stint as a brewer, Samuel Adams married Elizabeth Checkley and after only a few years, she died. He then married Elizabeth Wells, who helped him organize his business ventures. Before his marriage, however, he had been involved in a scandal that cost him his job as assessor and tax collector when over 8,000 pounds sterling went missing. He later paid back his debt to the government and was not charged with any crime besides negligence.
With new taxes being created everyday, Sam Adams saw what many others had not – Britain trying to squeeze the colonies for all they were worth, taxing everything from sugar, to legal documents, and tea, which led to the Boston Tea Party. In his rising political cries, Samuel Adams published articles that marred the reputations of the British governors in Boston and elsewhere. He gathered support through the Caucus Club and raised awareness that taxes were being drawn without proper colonial representation. Some of his writings and propaganda movements led to riots – one that almost caused the destruction of the governor’s mansion in Boston, the home of Thomas Hutchinson.
He gained greater national and international recognition by boycotting British goods. When Britain sent troops and began taking over ships in Boston’s harbor, Adams’ voice spread through all thirteen colonies. In his later career, he became governor of Massachusetts and was elected three times.